Not the sole province of mathematics, tree diagrams go as far back as 1296 and have been used to organise information in every field of knowledge.
What they do have in common is a hierarchy and branches, but they can be rotated and tilted depending on the user and the purpose.
I was going to sketch up another example, but I thought I’d just borrow them from Creative Commons and square them up, and had a wealth of learning. Bits will be missing because, just like living trees, tree diagrams are rarely square.
From top left to right, we have Darwin’s tree of life 1859, a syntax tree, a family tree template, Phylogenetic tree of Theropods respiratory system, Haeckel’s foundations of science tree 1866, and one and a half medieval trees of knowledge.
But it can’t finish there, can it? I must include the famous Monty Hall Problem – that a contestant in a game show is presented with 3 doors, behind one of which is a great prize and the others have goats, or nothing. The contestant picks a door. The host reveals what is behind another door, which is (predictably) a goat. Two doors remain and the contestant is asked if they want to change their mind.
This tree looks at the probability of whether the contestant should switch.
I’ll return to the more predictable trees in future – 100%, despite stem-and-leaf plots calling and data needing truncation.
For more tree squares, go to Becky’s challenge.